No matter your preference of candidate, party or ideology, Tuesday marked a defining moment in the United States.
For the first time in 240 years, a woman — Hillary Clinton — locked up a major party’s nomination for president.
“Thanks to you, we’ve reached a milestone — for the first time in our history, a woman will be a major party’s nominee for president,” Clinton declared in a packed rally at her headquarters in Brooklyn.
In return, she pledged to supporters that she “will have your back” and bring hope to the hopeless. She congratulated rival Bernie Sanders for running a determined campaign, and she reached out to his supporters for their vote in November against Republican Donald Trump.
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She didn’t spend much time celebrating before launching into an attack on Trump, branding him “temperamentally unfit” to be president.
In a nod to Texas, a staunchly Republican state she hopes to switch to the Democrats, Clinton used clips of former Gov. Ann Richards and former Fort Worth state Sen. Wendy Davis in an inspirational clip before her speech.
In an earlier speech in Briarcliff Manor, N.Y., underneath crystal chandeliers at the Trump National Golf Course, the billionaire who won more votes than anyone in GOP primary history vowed to live up to his supporters’ expectations.
“This is not a testament to me, but a testament to all of the people who believed real change — not Obama change, real change — is possible. You’ve given me the honor to lead the Republican Party to victory this fall,” said Trump, using a TelePrompter. “I understand the responsibility of carrying the mantle and I will never ever let you down.”
He also made a direct appeal to dejected Sanders supporters and other Democrats.
“This election isn’t about Republican or Democrat, it’s about who runs this country: the special interests or the people,” said Trump, who spent much of the day under fire again for making comments that offended different groups.
Clinton sailed to victory in Tuesday’s primaries in New Jersey and New Mexico, two of the six states voting across the country. Sanders won the caucuses in North Dakota.
Clinton and Sanders were both pressing for victory in California, each eager to effectively end their primary battle on a high note. With 23 percent of the vote reporting in California late Tuesday, Clinton held a 63.1-35.7 percentage point lead over Sanders.
Trump capped his difficult day with victories in California, New Jersey, New Mexico, South Dakota and Montana.
‘The glass ceiling’
Clinton made reference to breaking the “glass ceiling” that for decades has limited the rise of females in politics and some professions. Other Democrats echoed that sentiment.
“I think we’re close to that moment where we are finally going to break that glass ceiling,” said former Vice President Walter Mondale, who as presidential nominee in 1984 selected the first woman to run for vice president on a major party ticket. “We should rejoice in that. It changes our society.”
Girls growing up today will see that a woman at the very least can be competitive when it comes to the most important job in the most powerful country. Yet that change, which comes eight years to the day after Barack Obama broke another barrier by becoming the first African American to clinch a nomination, has come slowly.
It took more than two decades after Mondale selected the late Geraldine Ferraro for a second woman to appear on a major national ticket when John McCain tapped Republican Sarah Palin to be his running mate.
A handful of other women have run for president, but it wasn’t until 2008 that Clinton became the first female candidate to vie seriously for the White House. In 2012, Rep. Michele Bachmann ran for the Republican nomination, but fell far short. This year, businesswoman Carly Fiorina did the same but gained little traction in a crowded Republican field.
Rep. Nancy Pelosi, who became the first female speaker of the House of Representatives in 2007 and remains the highest-ranking woman ever in the U.S. government, said that as she sat behind former President George W. Bush for his final State of the Union address in 2008, she assumed that she would be sitting behind the first female president — Clinton — the next year.
“I always thought we would have a woman president sooner,” Pelosi said in an interview Tuesday. “The American people have been ready for that awhile.”
Americans have gradually come to accept the concept of a female president, according to Gallup, which has polled on the issue since 1937, when only one in three said they would vote for a qualified woman. In 2015, it had expanded to more than nine in 10.
Sen. Dianne Feinstein, who has represented California since 1992, noted that when she was first elected to the Senate, there were just two female senators. Today there are 20. She said Tuesday’s result is “a historic milestone that deserves to be celebrated.”
“As the number of women holding office increased, it was inevitable that the public would recognize that we could also ascend to higher office,” she said.
U.S. a latecomer
For those who have pushed for greater leadership positions for women for decades, a female presidential nominee has come late, especially when compared with other countries. Many had begun to wonder whether they’d see a female nominee or president in their lifetimes.
“No doubt we’re behind,” said Barbara Kennelly, a former House member from Connecticut who says the highest point in her political life was being selected to nominate Ferraro for vice president at the Democratic convention. She recalls that women packed the floor to witness the nomination. Kennelly said this year feels different, though, because the polls show Clinton, unlike Mondale, has a strong chance to win. “We’ve really progressed quite rapidly, but this has been a little difficult.”
Isabel Peron of Argentina became the first female president of any country in 1974. There are now 11 female presidents and seven female prime ministers in the world, according to the Worldwide Guide to Women Leaders.
“Oh my goodness, we are really late to the party,” said former Rep. Patricia Schroeder of Colorado, who explored running for president in 1988. “People are aware that most of the world has already done it.”
The first woman ran for president in the United States in 1872, well before women even had the right to vote. Since then, dozens have run but until Clinton, none have gotten far.
Clinton, who has amassed nearly 13 million votes, secured enough delegates late Monday to win the Democratic nomination against her last remaining rival, Bernie Sanders, according to the Associated Press.
Refining her message
When she ran the first time, Clinton avoided talking about her experiences as a woman, repeatedly saying that she was running because she was the best-qualified candidate.
This time, Clinton has shared more personal anecdotes about being a working mother and a grandmother and focused on issues that might appeal to female voters including equal pay, paid family leave, affordable child care and access to health care. Her soon-to-be Republican rival rival, Donald Trump, has suggested that Clinton is playing “the women’s card” in the race. “If Hillary Clinton were a man, I don’t think she’d get five percent of the vote,” he said.
Pelosi said that she knows that some people still oppose the idea of women and minorities taking on leadership roles. “I don’t want to say everything is different now,” she said. “There are still some vestiges of the old way of thinking.”
“I’m certainly very aware of how historically significant this is,” Clinton said in an interview with the Pittsburgh Tribune in April. “I’m not asking anyone to vote for me just because I am a woman, but I do think being a woman is a real asset. I think I bring to my political and public work an awareness of what it’s like to be a daughter and a wife and a mother and now a grandmother, and how we can support families that are facing so many tough choices.”
Clinton’s accomplishment will likely serve to inspire girls as Obama’s inspired African Americans. An oft-quoted line from Marian Wright Edelman, founder of the Children’s Defense Fund, sums up the moment: “You can’t be what you can’t see.”
Staff writer John Gravois contributed to this report, which includes material from The Associated Press and The Washington Post.