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Airline profits seen rising 73 percent to $19 billion on lower oil

North American airline earnings will climb 73 percent to $19 billion in 2015, bolstered by lower jet fuel costs, according to forecast from a Bank of America Merrill Lynch analyst.

Glenn Engel raised earnings estimates Monday for nine U.S. and two Canadian carriers as a result of the sharp decline in oil prices, which is refined into jet fuel. Airlines will also benefit as lower energy costs give consumers more discretionary income to spend on travel, he said.

Earnings that match Engel’s forecasts would extend a turnaround among U.S. carriers that racked up $58 billion in losses from 2001 to 2009 before returning to profit in 2010. Executives at Fort Worth-based American Airlines and Delta Air Lines have said they expect record results this year.

“We continue to believe that the recent decline in jet fuel prices represents significant upside to airline (earnings per share), if sustainable,” Morgan Stanley analyst William Greene said Monday in a report to investors.

Oil prices fell to the lowest level since July 2009 after the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries decided Thursday not to cut output in response to a glut in supply. Prices rebounded a bit Monday, with benchmark U.S. crude gaining $2.85, or 4 percent, to $69 a barrel.

Engel’s outlook assumes an average price of $81 a barrel for Brent crude in 2015. He also forecast an industry profit this year of $11 billion.

American, the world’s largest carrier, spent $8.4 billion on fuel for jets in its primary fleet during the first nine months of this year. It was the largest single expense, accounting for about one-third of the airline’s operating costs.

The oil price decline “should be a net benefit to the industry,” David Fintzen, a Barclays analyst in New York, said in a telephone interview. “It takes a little time to see how much of a net benefit. The risk is that that market gets ahead of oil changes.”

Helane Becker, an airline analyst at Cowen & Co. in New York, is cautious in evaluating the effects of falling fuel prices.

“We think that can turn just as quickly so we haven’t really adjusted our estimates for next year,” Becker said in a phone interview.

Still, signs look strong that airline fares will remain intact, she said. In the past, lower fuel prices eventually led to a drop in fares because the underlying cause was a slowing economy. This time, the economy still seems robust and the drop in fuel costs is resulting from an oversupply, Becker said.

Airlines so far haven’t shown any sign of dropping fares amid strong consumer demand, she said.