Auto dealers are sparring with California-based automaker Tesla, which is selling its upscale electric cars from two Ohio storefronts.
Ohio is among states proposing to block Tesla from setting up additional direct-sales operations on grounds that they undercut traditional auto dealerships. Last Tuesday, New Jersey officials approved a regulation effectively prohibiting automakers from going straight to customers. Tesla vice president Diarmuid O’Connell visited Ohio legislative leaders that same day to try to discourage them from passing similar restrictions.
“The bill would shut down our ability to grow in the Ohio market and, frankly, it’s just a first step to them shutting down our existing businesses,” O’Connell said. “This is the pattern we see in other states.”
At what it calls galleries operated in Maryland, Arizona, Texas and Virginia, consumers can view vehicles but aren’t able to discuss price, take test drives or place orders. In Texas, Tesla has galleries in Austin and Houston and plans to open one at NorthPark Center in Dallas this summer.
Last year, Tesla’s founder and CEO Elon Musk appealed to the Texas Legislature to allow direct sales of cars to consumers. He said a potential buyer in Texas must contact Tesla representatives in other states to arrange a purchase, including shipping.
In Ohio, the administration of Republican Gov. John Kasich, through the Bureau of Motor Vehicles, issued a license to Tesla authorizing the company to open its own stores in Cincinnati and Columbus.
Joe Cannon, a lobbyist for the Ohio Automobile Dealers Association, told lawmakers in testimony last week that the decision means Ohio’s longstanding licensing rules “have been thrown upside down.”
The association filed unsuccessful legal action against Tesla’s two existing Ohio stores, and now is fighting for passage of a bill that would prevent Tesla from expanding to other locations.
With 830 dealerships, 50,000 employees and $2 billion in payroll annually, Ohio dealerships say their businesses can only prosper when the law separates manufacturers and dealers. They view the license Ohio granted to Tesla as opening a Pandora’s box.
“The BMV’s decision opens the door for all manufacturers — both emerging and existing — to follow the same path,” Cannon told the Senate Finance Committee. “This decision has serious implications for both our dealers and consumers. From an industry perspective, our members have made substantial investments in their businesses, employees and communities across the state.”
O’Connell argues the several hundred vehicles Tesla has sold in Ohio represent a fraction of the market, which averages about 500,000 cars annually.
The decade-old car company is based in Palo Alto, Calif., and sells two models — the two-seat sports-style Roadster, at about $100,000; and the Model S sedan, at about $75,000. It would like to eventually offer a $35,000 economy model, he said.
O’Connell said the cars can be difficult to sell so direct-sales are needed to jump-start electric-car technology and drive down prices. He said many dealers refuse to sell Tesla cars yet their associations are fighting to limit the company’s ability to sell them itself across the country, including in Ohio, Georgia and New York.