Whence cured pork for Easter? Well, the pig has always been a Christian meat, given its ubiquity in the Latin world, where all parts of it were consumed but for the oink.That it was commonly slaughtered in the fall, its fresh meat eaten throughout the winter, and its salted, dried and cured portions ready in the springtime, may explain the timing.Before you rush to the store to purchase your Easter ham, here are some tips on picking the meat, wine pairings, ways to use leftovers and even clever ways to prepare it in a slow cooker.A ham primer Should I buy a whole or a half ham? How much ham will I need per person?A whole ham typically weighs more than 10 pounds. That’s a large hunk to wrestle with in a roasting pan, which is why you’ll find so many half hams (whole hams cut in half). But if you’re feeding a lot of people, you might consider it.With a bone-in ham, plan on 1/3 to 1/2 pound of meat per person (or 2 to 3 servings per pound), or more if you want leftovers. For a boneless ham, figure about 1/4 pound per person, or more for leftovers. Butt or shank portion of ham?The answer is purely a matter of preference, though the taste and cost are factors to consider.A ham labeled “butt end” comes from the upper thigh, closer to the hip. It typically costs a bit more, and is fattier and meatier. Carving can be an issue with the butt end because of its irregularly shaped aitch bone. A ham labeled “shank end” is larger, so you’ll get more servings out of it. It’s easier to carve, has less fat and costs less. Bone-in or boneless?A boneless ham costs more than shank and butt portions, but there’s also less waste and you will get more servings. Boneless will have a binder that holds it together in one solid piece.As for flavor, many cooks and meat experts would agree that choosing a ham with the bone in provides more flavor. And you can use the leftover bone to make soup. Spiral-sliced or not?Spiral-sliced hams are sliced in a spiral fashion around the bone, making serving easy. But you need to watch them closely because they can dry out when reheated. Allow 10 to 18 minutes per pound reheating time for a whole or half spiral-sliced ham. I’ve had good luck reheating spiral-sliced hams cut side down in the roasting pan. How long should I cook it?Ham labeled fully cooked needs a gentle rewarming in the oven. Most package directions recommend heating ham in a 325-degree oven. Set it out at room temperature for about an hour before placing in the oven. This way, it won’t take as long to reach the recommended internal temperature.The U.S. Department of Agriculture says the center of the ham needs to reach 140 degrees to fully reheat. Figure 18 to 24 minutes per pound for half bone-in hams and 10 to 15 minutes for boneless. Allow 15 to 18 minutes per pound when reheating a whole ham. Glaze or not?Glazes often contain a lot of sugar, which can burn, so many recipes call for adding them toward the end of cooking. But they keep the ham moist. You can apply some at the beginning of cooking (make sure the ham is covered with foil) and again after it has reached the 135-degree mark. — Susan Selasky, Detroit Free PressSlow-cooked hamThis year, make your Easter ham effortless by ditching the oven and using your slow cooker instead. While most people think about slow cooking for staples like chili and stew, it’s also perfect for center-of-the-plate feasts — like an Easter ham.Using the slow cooker, you can minimize both prep and cleanup time, leaving plenty of room in the day for church, hunting eggs and enjoying time with your loved ones.For a fresh spin on the classic ham, try this sweet Southern slow-cooker ham recipe from the National Pork Board. Apple cider and bourbon (or vanilla extract, if you prefer) combine to create a rich flavor complemented by the sweetness of brown sugar. Round out your Easter menu by pairing ham with classic sides such as oven-roasted carrots, asparagus wrapped in bacon and mashed sweet potatoes. — Family FeaturesWine pairingsAmerican-style ham is salty, and that (and consequent high umami) is its bugaboo with wine. Such foods can skew the taste of red wine in particular toward the dull, flat, astringent and bitter. Best to select white wines, or dry pink wines (matching the color is a nice fillip), that are high in countervailing acidity.“When I was visiting Burgundy,” says Fernando Beteta, a Chicago-based master sommelier, “we always had starters of jambon persille (ham in parsley aspic) with a premier cru Chablis. It has great acidity, really gets under your tongue.” A few recommendations:• 2011 Boudin Chablis 1er Cru Fourchaume “La Chantemerle,” Burgundy, France: No oak to interrupt the stony, mineral-laden scents wafting above lemony, green apple-y flavors, all framed by piercing acidity; gorgeous and electric at once. $25-$30• 2013 J.K. Carriere Pinot Noir Rose “White Pinot Noir,” Willamette Valley, Oregon: Macerated, full cluster fruit, stirred lees and a tad of wood aging strips color but adds great complexity plus layers of aroma and flavor in this eerily beautiful dry pink. $20-$22• 2013 Inman Family Wines Rose of Pinot Noir “Endless Crush,” Russian River Valley, Sonoma, California: A favorite every year, only getting better; gorgeous salmon color, waves of aroma of strawberry and Jolly Rancher watermelon; gob-smacking juicy flavor, fine acidity. $25If your wine store does not carry these wines, ask for one similar in style and price. — Bill St. John, Chicago TribuneUsing leftovers for soupAt the close of the meal, the ham bone is lying on the cutting board, a bit bereft and ravaged. No need to wait until your company has left before you start making stock for soup. Cut off any significant chunks of ham and refrigerate them to use later to finish the soup. Then heft that ham bone into your biggest stock pot, fill it with water and bring it to a simmer.If you can excuse yourself gracefully from your company, you can add the rest of the ingredients that will make up the stock — carrots and celery cut in chunks, with some celery leaves to throw in, an quartered onion, a few peppercorns and a couple of bay leaves. You can do all this in less than 10 minutes. But if you can’t leave your guests alone, add the vegetables as soon as they leave.Let the soup simmer for up to two hours — long enough to squeeze every bit of flavor out of the ingredients, but not so much that you simmer away the liquid (add more water if the level drops too low).And that’s it for making stock. Almost as easy — and painless — as cooking the ham itself.Next step is to defat the stock. Refrigerate the hot stock until it has cooled and the fat has risen to the top and solidified. Then turn to the medley of vegetables called mirepoix — carrots, celery and onion — which will be diced and sauteed in a little olive oil before being added to the stock to cook further. Split peas will be tossed in at this point, either the green or yellow variety. Simmer them in the stock for half an hour, or until the peas are tender. At that point, the leftover ham, cut into bite-size chunks, is added and heated through. Puree the soup or not, as you wish.And another meal is ready, whether or not there’s a crowd at the table. — Lee Svitak Dean, Minneapolis Star Tribune
Brown sugar ham
Need space in your oven for many dishes to cook? Prepare a ham in a slow cooker with lots of brown sugar. (A 5-quart slow cooker can hold up to a 10-pound ham. Do not let the ham touch the top of the cooker; cut the ham to fit the cooker, if necessary.) You won’t need to add any water to the slow cooker because ham contains a significant amount of water. Only have ham slices? The brown sugar method also works if you’re cooking a few slices on top of the stove in a skillet.
• Brown sugar (for an 8-pound ham, about 2 cups)
• Ham (chunk or slices)
1. In a slow cooker or skillet, sprinkle half the brown sugar. Place ham, flat side down, on sugar and sprinkle remaining brown sugar on top.
2. In a slow cooker, heat on low for 6 to 8 hours, or on high for about 3 hours. In a skillet, cook until meat is thoroughly heated through and sugar has melted and caramelized on meat.
— Lee Svitak Dean, Minneapolis Star Tribune
Sweet Southern slow-cooker ham
Makes 12 servings
• 1 bone-in fully cooked ham, about 5 1/2 pounds
• 1 cup apple cider
• 1/2 cup dark brown sugar
• 1/3 cup Kentucky bourbon
• 1/4 cup honey
• 1/4 cup Dijon mustard
• 4 fresh thyme sprigs
1. Place ham in a large slow cooker.
2. Whisk cider with brown sugar, bourbon, honey and mustard. Slowly pour over ham. Scatter thyme sprigs into slow cooker. Cook on high for 4 hours or on low for 8 hours, or until very tender. Remove ham to rest on cutting board.
3. Pass remaining cooking liquid through fine-mesh sieve into saucepan. Simmer for 10 minutes or until slightly reduced. Carve ham into serving pieces. Brush ham pieces with cooking liquid before arranging on platter. Serve warm or at room temperature.
Note: For a nonalcoholic alternative, replace the bourbon with 1/4 cup water and 1 tablespoon vanilla extract.
— National Pork Board
Ham, apple and cheddar crepes
Makes 6 servings
Use leftover ham for these flavor-packed crepes, which are ideal for a family-style brunch.
• 3 cups ham, shredded and warmed
• 1 3/4 cups 2 percent milk
• 1/4 cup unsalted butter, melted
• 4 large eggs
• 1/2 teaspoon salt
• 1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
• 1 Granny Smith apple, halved, cored and thinly sliced
• 1 tablespoon unsalted butter
• 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour
• 1 cup 2 percent milk
• 2 teaspoons Dijon mustard
• 1/4 teaspoon salt
• 1/4 teaspoon pepper
• 1 cup white cheddar cheese, shredded
• 2 tablespoons fresh chives, finely chopped
1. Pour milk, butter, eggs and salt in blender. Mix until well combined. Add flour. Mix for 15 to 20 seconds or until smooth. Let stand for 10 minutes.
2. Heat an 8-inch crepe pan or nonstick skillet over medium heat. Coat well with nonstick cooking spray. Pour 1/4 cup batter into pan, and swirl to fully cover bottom. Cook for 1 minute or until crepe begins to curl around edges. Carefully flip and cook for an additional 30 seconds or until set. Transfer to plate. Repeat with additional cooking spray and remaining batter. Layer cooked crepes between pieces of wax paper to prevent sticking.
3. Lay a crepe on a clean work surface. Arrange few apple slices on a quarter of the crepe; top with shredded ham. Fold crepe in half to cover filling and fold in half again to create triangular shape. Repeat with remaining crepes, apple and ham. Place on a parchment-lined baking sheet and hold in warm oven until ready to serve, or up to 30 minutes.
4. For cheese sauce, melt butter in saucepan set over medium heat. Stir in flour until well coated. Cook, stirring constantly, for 2 minutes or until pale and smooth. Whisk in milk, a splash at a time, until smooth; stir in mustard, salt and pepper. Cook, stirring constantly, for 5 minutes or until thick enough to coat back of spoon. Remove from heat. Whisk in cheese, a small handful at a time, until melted and smooth.
5. Place filled crepes on each plate. Spoon cheese sauce over each crepe and sprinkle with chives.
Serving suggestion: All the elements of the recipe can be prepared a day in advance and gently warmed before assembling.
— National Pork Board
Split pea soup
Makes 8 servings
• Ham bone
• 3 carrots, cut in chunks
• 3 or 4 ribs of celery, with leaves, cut in several pieces
• 1 large onion, cut in quarters
• 1 to 2 teaspoons peppercorns
• 2 bay leaves
For the soup:
• 3 carrots, diced
• 1 large onion, diced
• 4 ribs of celery, diced
• 1 tablespoon olive oil
• 1 (16-ounce) bag split peas (also see variation), picked over and rinsed
• 2 cups chopped or diced ham
1. Fill a large pot with 20 cups water and add ham bone, carrot chunks, celery and onion. Add peppercorns and bay leaves. Bring to a boil, then lower heat. Simmer, uncovered, for at least an hour and up to 2 hours, adding more water if the level drops too much. (The liquid will reduce by about half if you simmer it for 2 hours.)
2. Remove soup pot from heat and carefully strain solid ingredients, then discard them. Refrigerate the stock to cool. (To protect the refrigerator shelf, put a potholder under the bowl.)
3. The next day (or once the stock is cool), skim off the fat that has solidified on top of the soup and discard it. Warm the stock over medium heat.
4. Meanwhile, saute diced carrots, onion and celery in oil for 5 minutes, until slightly softened. Add cooked vegetables and split peas to stock and bring the mixture to a boil, then lower heat and simmer the soup for about 35 minutes, or until the peas are soft. Add the ham in the last 10 minutes or so.
5. If you prefer the soup pureed, use a blender to puree it (if using a counter blender, do a few cups at a time).
Variation: Instead of split peas, use beans (cooked Great Northern or pintos are good), or add diced potatoes and cooked bacon, along with some greens and the usual carrot-celery-onion medley, to the stock. Or use sweet potatoes with some greens in the stock. You also could make the soup with water, chicken or vegetable broth rather than the ham stock.
— Lee Svitak Dean, Minneapolis Star Tribune